The US Navy bombing tests and military practice on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, has ended. On May 1, citizens in Vieques celebrated the first day in over 60 years without a US Navy bombing run.

Puerto Ricans of Vieques objected to the US Navy’s presence across many other ideologically divisive issues regarding the US. Until recently, the US Navy owned over two-thirds of Vieques. When the US bought this land in the 1940s, many families and farmers were forced out of their homes and off their lands to make way for military exercises, which began in 1947.

Bush announced that the Navy would leave Vieques in June 2001, and it is widely accepted that it was the success of the protest movement that led to the this decision and to the US Navy’s withdrawl.

While resistance to the Navy’s military exercises was ongoing, it was not until 1999, when a civilian security guard was killed by a bombing accident, that popular resistance began to have a lasting effect on US policy.

Many problems remain in Vieques, however. Environmental destruction and unexploded ordinances ravage the land. The land has not been returned to the people of Puerto Rico, rather, it has been transferred to the US Department of Fishing and Wildlife, so that an environmental assessment can be obtained. Early Puerto Rican estimates have produced a figure of $400 million necessary to clean up the land used by the US Navy, but only $23 million has been allocated so far.

Puerto Rico: From Spanish Colony to American Military Bastion

After 400 years of Spanish colonial rule, Puerto Rico became a possession of the United States as a direct result of the Spanish-American War of 1898. Right after the invasion the US established a military government, which lasted up to 1900; thereafter, the Foraker Act of 1900 authorized the President of the United States to appoint a civilian governor. In 1917 the Jones Act granted US citizenship to all island residents. In 1948 Puerto Ricans were allowed to elect their own home-grown governor for the very first time. Today, after 101 years of direct economic, political and military rule, Puerto Rico continues to be a US colony. Given its geographical position, Puerto Rico has always played a key strategic military role for the United States.
Expropriation of Land for Regional Military Purposes

In 1938 the US Navy began using the island-municipality of Vieques, right off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico, for military practices. In 1941, during the height of WW II, the Navy initiated a campaign of forced expropriation of territory, which ultimately ended in their possession of over two thirds of the island’s most arable land, thereby displacing thousands of families and seriously jeopardizing their basic means of subsistence. The Navy arbitrarily set the price for the expropriated land giving the island residents very little say, if any, in the matter. Resistance became an exercise in futility, for the Navy issued the following ultimatum: Either you accept the price set by the Navy or prepare to be evicted, by force, if necessary, within 24 hours. The net effect of these policies was the clustering of the entire civilian population of Vieques into a small strip of land right in the middle of the island. Thus the US Navy took control of over 75% of this tiny island. Deposture

Economic Stagnation

Vieques has a population of approximately 9,400 inhabitants. It has an unemployment rate of almost fifty percent (50%) by most conservative estimates. General Electric, which is one of the few large companies in Vieques, will end its operations this summer. Fishing is the only industry in the island of Vieques with any truly viable economic significance. This is obviously due to the Navy’s expropriation of the most fertile lands in the island that formerly sustained a respectable agricultural activity. Carlos Zenón, the former President of the Fishermen Association, said that when the US Navy ships enter the one-hundred-foot deep waters where the fishermen have their traps, “the ships’ propellers destroy the buoys that indicate where the traps are.” When that happens it is hard for them to find the nets. As a result, the nets stay at the bottom of the sea for eight or twelve months, attracting many fish that ultimately die in the traps. The US Department of Agriculture conducted a study of these traps and found that a single net collects from 4,500 to 5,000 pounds of fish in ten months, which poses a severe environmental threat to the fragile marine ecosystem in that region. In 1977, for example, the US Navy destroyed 131 traps.

Ecological Damage

The immediate effects of the bombings in Vieques are the destruction of delicate ecosystems in the island, which supports hundreds of species of plants and animals that are killed instantly upon the direct impact of the projectiles during military target practices. Furthermore, these bombings and military maneuvers lead to serious contamination of the environment due to toxic residues. In an article published in 1988, engineer and environmental consultant Rafael Cruz-Pérez identified three ways in which the military’s bombings pollutes the environment in Vieques: (1) Chemicals in the Missiles’ explosive payloads, (2) Dust and rock particles released into the air as a result of the impact and/or explosion of missiles, and (3) Metallic residues left by missiles after they detonate, and the junk and scrap heap they use for target practice. “According to information provided by the Navy, this material is never removed…Under the effects of additional explosions and sea breezes, metals are oxidized or decomposed, turning in accelerated fashion into leachates that pollute the environment”, said Cruz-Pérez in his article. He also referred to a scientific study by the Navy, which says that the sources of drinking water in Vieques’ Isabel Segunda village and Barrio Esperanza are polluted with toxic chemicals, like TNT, tetryl and RDX. Cruz-Pérez commented that “the study doesn’t explain how these substances got to the water sources, located more than fourteen kilometers away from the shooting area”. In the 70′s, the US Environmental Protection Agency sampled Vieques’ air and soil. After studying the samples, the EPA determined that the air has unhealthy levels of particulate matter and the ground has iron levels above normal.

If you have an online business of any kind, you have heard about SEO. Search Engine Optimization is the only way to ensure that you do well in the world of Google, Yahoo, and other search engines. However, for all that we hear about it, very few business owners actually understand it. How do you really get ahead? Lucky for you, we make it simple to learn what it takes to be optimized with our SEO course Singapore.
The Lessons We Prepare
We make it as simple as possible for you to get ahead on the most popular search engines. In most cases, and depending on what you hope to understand, you can become ready to tackle it in just a couple of days.
Our courses cover everything from keyword researching to reporting and tracking. We can show you on- and off-page site optimization techniques that work. However, depending on your skill level at the start, you may be able to tackle more advanced lessons.
Breaking Down Lessons into Easily Followed Skill Sets
With our help, even beginners can excel at learning what SEO is all about. It is a crash course in enhancing the customer journey, keywords, understanding what makes the most difference for search engines, and even basic coding or hosting.
If your skills are more advanced and you just want to work on enhancing your skills or understanding, there are courses available for you as well. We can help you optimize your existing pages to ensure they work more effectively for you.
We Help You Become Fully Prepared for Web Hosting
When you contact us for lessons in SEO, you may even choose to put your skills to good use by helping others to optimize websites. There is good money in it since so few people truly comprehend what it takes to get online at the top of search results and how to make it stick. The more experience you have, the more people will turn to you for success.
We enjoy seeing people master their SEO Skills. We like knowing that people can use Google to live their dreams of working from home or showcasing what they have to offer. To get started with your own training, you can join in on an SEO course Singapore. We make it easy for everyone to gain a good understanding of what it takes to build, optimize, and enhance your website.

The very best aspect of the salon at Tampines is the reality that every woman who enters has an experience that will certainly never ever be neglected. Their hair can be much shorter or much less curly, however it can additionally be curlier if that is what you want. They understand that as a lady, you were not birthed with the hair that you constantly wanted. They understand just how to make it. They recognize that every day we do points to harm our hair and also they know how to fix the damages that living life has caused. What a lot more could you wish for?

A brand-new "you" can offer you confidence to deal with the difficulties that we all handle every day. It can be a way for you to commemorate a major life modification such as a brand-new task or a brand-new partner to love. A face-lift can give you a higher self-confidence so that you feel you can go out with that warm person at the office. Every lady or guy around can benefit from a modification in their look. The easiest way to have it is to change up your hair a little. Are you ready to see what your hair can truly do?

There is a professional waiting for you when you are all set to be pampered. They recognize what your hair requires, whether it is damaged or just does not fit your face well. They can execute wonders with a rebonding, treatment & haircut. They can add shade to help you conceal the grays, which will distribute your age. If you desire to reveal off your wild side a little, they are also able to include vibrant colors. Your dream is their command, all you have to do is enjoy and relax a little.

There is a stylist at Tampines that can aid you tame the hair you have. They can provide you hair therapies that will certainly remove the frizz as well as include more design to it. They can cut it to offer it the design that you have actually always desired. They put effort right into taking your hair to the next degree to ensure that you can become happier with the method your hair looks.

When you see the very best salon in Singapore, you can have anything you desire done to your hair. You can choose a cut and also style, or even have them do a hairstyle, rebonding & therapy. This procedure can remove a few of your all-natural curl and replace it with straighter hair that lays where you want it to be. Their hope is that when you see yourself in the mirror after investing a little time with them, you like that you see looking back at you.

A hair beauty salon in Singapore is an excellent choice when you decide you are all set for a change. They make every effort to go above and beyond your expectations to accomplish the highest possible customer complete satisfaction. While you are there, your every requirement will be met, and you can cover it off with a face massage and a hairdo that surpasses anything you ever envisioned your hair being able to do. They exist to aid you come to be one of the most lovely you, so that you can really feel far better than ever regarding your hair.


You might likewise choose to have a remodeling before a big occasion. A great deal of brides desire a brand-new hairdo prior to they state, "I Do". We really feel that you are worthy of to have the hair that you desire on your wedding. The exact same holds true for all your new bride’s house cleanings, mother, as well as much more. Whether you are saying your swears or simply going to a prom, having a brand-new hairdo can make you feel like the princess you get on that day. Our hairdresser is developed to relax you as well as ensure that you go out sensation like a much better, extra gorgeous woman.

Have you ever before wished that you could have hair that looked terrific and also would always do what you desired it to do? You are not alone if so. Females all over the globe want gorgeous, healthy hair that we can show off. The fact is, most of the women that you envy for their beautiful locks were not born with it. They have trained it, as well as many have additionally taken their hair care concerns to a terrific beauty parlor in Singapore, to make sure that they might have the hair that they have always wanted.

Any kind of domain registrar that is worth collaborating with must preferably have a steady client support. The service of quality registrars does not stop with the enrollment itself, but all while that the client is gotten in touch with them. Attempt to observe the sort of client support they provide– be it live chat, technical support hotline, as well as a quick turn-around for consumer inquiries.

Once you start with your search for a domain registrar, it would certainly be a good idea to refer to internet search engine as they can lay everything out for you and make your decision-making so much simpler. There’s a likelihood that you’ll be to the leading 5 registrars as well as you’ll just need to make a bit much more research study. You might additionally check out on-line discussion forums to see which ones have great testimonials from customers.

One crucial point you must take a look at to assess the dependability as well as credibility of domain name registrar when you are about to buy domain name enrollment is their certification, particularly with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Any kind of great domain registrar will extremely value accreditation and also will do whatever it takes to maintain a great degree of recognition.

When you are viewing out for the expiry day of your enrollment, you must just do business with domain registrars that have a reliable notification system as this is very crucial. There is a possibility that you may fail to remember to restore your enrollment and also you don’t want everything you strove for to drop the drainpipe. Ensure you ask with the registrar regarding their policies on this issue.

It is most likely that there would be various other services supplied to you by the registrar as an add-on as soon as you obtain to buy domain name from Such solutions might consist of organizing as well as email to name a few. Whether these are used for a charge or free of cost, make sure to assess the actual services that you are getting with their enrollment plan. Obviously you can constantly obtain explanations from the registrar when doubtful.

You ought to be mindful to choose a firm that has reliable and also reputable solution when it comes to your choice to get domain name enrollment. If you mean to arrangement a web site for company functions, the domain name registrar you select is crucial to its success. You need not have a tough time with this decision however– simply see to it you recognize which vital attributes to consider.

When you determine to purchase domain name enrollment and you must not look for any type of various other registrar that would certainly use you less, you can anticipate to pay around $10. When your domain is signed up, one year is the standard period that you will certainly be offered to utilize it. Since you can shed all your investment if it comes to that, it is important that you constantly maintain in mind the expiry of your enrollment.

It is clear that there are additionally cost-free domain name registration services being offered all over the internet, as well as it is not uncommon for people to be attracted to opt for them. The issue is that the majority of these services aren’t really reputable, especially in the future. If you’re a business owner, would certainly you agree to bet with totally free solutions? Constantly bear in mind the claiming that you obtain what you spend for.

Consider an apartment building where every residence is built in the same way. They might have the same shade of carpet, the same type of cupboards, the exact same format, as well as much more. You walk right into one and it looks one method. You walk into another and it looks completely various, though their essentials coincide. What makes the difference? The individual living in it will include their very own character. They will have one-of-a-kind home furnishings in a various design from their next-door neighbor, however they will likewise accent it to make it feel like a home to them. Devices are affordable and also it can be enjoyable to embellish with them.

When it comes to embellishing a house to make it a house, you have a lot of choices. You can select a particular motif that you love or you can keep it simply stunning as well as functional. There are a lot of homewares Singapore . Do you pick beautiful and also extravagant, contemporary as well as useful, or any type of mix thereof? You have to first figure out what your personal style takes pleasure in.

Galaxy clocks, inspirational wall danglings as well as cushions, attractive furniture, and so much more. That is simply several of the homewares Singapore that are offered to help you make your home a residence. These things can be as typical as well as laid-back as you want, or it can be something that transforms your residence into a leisure area with all the glitz as well as glam that you might ever picture. Which design do you like?

House is a location where we can hang our hats and also begin our footwear. No matter what a day brings our way, we understand we can escape truth by walking through our front door. New, attractive, home decoration in Singapore is developed to provide you with that said resort from all that is demanding outside. Are you all set to enjoy refurnishing?

Visualize your house as you have actually always dreamed it would certainly look. Exists a resemblance between your reality and where you are living? Otherwise, you can pick house design in Singapore that might make it look closer to what you pictured. You can also adhere to standard style or reveal your creativity. Which would you prefer? A really felt round rug in multi-colored elegance or one that is basic and simple? A traditional nightlight or a fairy light with LED lights? There are so many choices, it may be difficult to select what really feels right for your residence.

How would certainly you really feel concerning a home that had absolutely nothing in the method of style? It really feels vacant. If it does not have enjoyable magnets on the refrigerator or brightly colored pillows scattered about on the sofa, a house really feels cool. You will likely feel that there is something missing in the residence if you do not see household photos in attractive structures. This will make you feel as though there may be something missing out on within the household also. Our home is an expression of individuals that live within. What is your home’s style saying regarding you?

What does house imply to you? Family members and also enjoyable? Relaxation and calmness? Your furnishings can affect the way you really feel about home. It can make you really feel stressed or tranquil. It can make you wish to avoid it, or it can make you really feel as though you never ever wish to leave. Therefore, if your home does not offer you the feeling of feeling that you desire, you may want to consider making a modification. You can upgrade your home with some motivating and also interesting homewares Singapore at

Every family has a story to tell. A manner in which they came together, a manner in which they spend their evenings, and a way that they just "click" as a family unit. It is a wonderful point that is most noticeable to individuals who see your residence. Your house has it’s very own distinct tale. It is a story that is seen in the images on your wall surface, the furnishings you like, and also the design you pick to border on your own with. Fortunately, you can get all the things you want in your house. Residence decoration in Singapore is budget friendly and also every little thing you could ever expect.

If you are the proud owner of a business, you know it’s sometimes hard to keep everything clean. Between dealing with clients, paperwork, and finances, you may not have enough time to make sure everything is spotless. However, you may also not know how or where to find the help you need.

Knowing what to expect of services involving industrial cleaning Singapore can be your first true step to finding the right help for you. That is why we have taken it upon ourselves to explain to you exactly what to expect. These services can be a huge help to any business owner, as you will certainly see below.
Getting Started
The first thing that will be done helps to ensure a cleaning job well-done. They will create a map of the building or area which needs to be cleaned. This will allow them to then decide regarding the best methods and processes to use to achieve the best clean possible.

Another thing this map will help to accomplish is that the company will be able to be consistent during subsequent visits. Chances are good your business is going to need more than just one cleaning. Therefore, having a set plan in place can make things quicker and easier the next time a cleaning is needed.
Equipment Used
It would be impossible to clean as well as expected if an industrial cleaning company only used a mop or broom. They require the use of specialized cleaning tools, designed to ensure a great clean every time. The tools and chemicals used are sure to give your workspace an amazing clean that is sure to make the place shine.

These tools include many different machines such as pressure washers, lifts, and other machines to make the job easier. They also tend to use more potent cleaning chemicals, which provides a better clean. However, due to the potency of these chemicals, the company has to follow strict safety standards to make sure everyone involved stays healthy.
All in all, this is what you can expect from industrial cleaning Singapore companies. They are the ones who are going to plan ahead to make sure the job is done right. They are also going to use the correct tools and chemicals needed to ensure the best clean possible. With these great services you can be sure to come into a clean and healthy workspace every morning.

Some people call the brand-new teen fashion pattern a lot more a "hip hop" style. Hip hop clothing can be anything, though primarily it is bold shades, clothes you can move in, and a method to reveal yourself that goes above and also past other "self-expression" alternatives. The gender divide is also a little bit much more blurred. There no more appears to be a "his" as well as "her" design of outfit. What help one can usually help both and girls are no longer "trendy" due to the fact that they dress up in quite dresses.

Bear in mind watching the runway models showing off throughout a stage to show off the most recent fashion fads? Then listening to every person discuss exactly how awesome it would be to have those clothing as well as have it look as excellent on them as it did on the path? We frequently aimed to reduce weight or yearned for a more "hour-glass" number based on those styles. The runways and also the roads are currently going a different direction. Young males and females are choosing the much more fashionable city style garments that revolves around droopy sweatshirts, large hoodies, fun jackets, as well as interesting fashion jewelry.

Street design by has the added perk of permitting this society to wear clothing that they enjoy from an additional society. We are without the standard restrictions that originate from our place in this world. Rather than having to participate in prom wearing black ties as well as official wear, we can now blur the lines a little. Male might put on bright orange match jackets with a set of khaki that offers a strong contract in shade. However, a hoodie or a coat can likewise function offered they behave looking.

With the urban fashion apparel readily available today, your design doesn’t have to match any certain "classification". It does not need to be informal or official. You can blend the two styles to make one that is entirely you. Like the web surfer design, yet want something other than a storage tank top or floral print polo shirt? Not a problem. There is an outfit that will meet your many thanks and requirements to some of the most prominent social networks websites; it is all today’s trendiest design option.

Not everybody understands the charm of today’s "road design". We concur, it absolutely isn’t stuff your grandparents would certainly have worn. This special as well as enjoyable style of dress really originated in Britain. They were the very first to make a decision that individuals could, and should, dressed based on what they such as, not what everybody else selects. This concept makes it possible for a great deal of the "harmony" to be dropped so that not whatever is white and black when it pertains to style.

Despite that you are, where you live, or what age you are, garments is necessary. It is something that can reveal others a lot concerning you. In the past, it would certainly show your riches or absence thereof. It could reveal whether you choose informal or formal designs. Whether you were fashionable or unwinded and also even your age to some extent. In today’s world, things are a little various. Many people neglect "patterns" as well as particular styles to instead concentrate on acquiring clothing from streetwear shops. These shops differ others due to the fact that they focus on garments designs that allow everyone to show their personal style as opposed to what is considered "trendy".

We feel that there are hip hop clothing available that will certainly make you satisfied you’re a young adult today where you can use ripped pants, baggy sweatshirt, and headphones, and be dressed smartly. We believe you will take pleasure in having the ability to wear vibrant tinted sneakers or harsh looking job boots and still be thought about stylish. There are no rules for a closet today past wear what you feel suits you the most. Can you think of a far better way to reveal yourself?

The principle behind streetwear stores is straightforward. They give you with alternatives. They allow you to choose what you like and mingle this design keeping that one. Cool looking headphones, tore jeans, flower print t shirts, as well as anything else you want can be found there. You will also find the great logo designs and also graphics that interest most young people today. The clothes that are offered to both young men and also women are delicately comfortable and also very appealing to most.

Like any kind of other delivery business in Singapore, time is of the essence, and also making certain a prompt delivery must be priority. A trustworthy shipping business must be able to deliver the goods at the time devoted. If you have a business and you regularly deliver to your clients, think of how devastating it would be if your customers receive their items way past the assured time. Would not that ruin your image?

Due to the competitors amongst the different shipping companies in Singapore, you will certainly see how each one has their own gimmicks on getting consumers get their solutions. Despite all that, you have to pay attention on their service warranty plan– suggesting they can ensure the security of your products, otherwise they will either replace your products or pay for its proclaimed worth it they obtain shed due to their fault.

Different nations will have various customs policies, as a result it is additionally essential to take into consideration delivering firms in Singapore that has substantial knowledge on this matter. A great shipping business must have the ability to provide you lots of advice on just how you can make it through customs without experiencing any type of problems or delays.

Despite the bulging variety of shipping companies in Singapore like Megaton Shipping, not every one of them can offer you with the top quality of service you should have. You should think about just how thorough they are in managing items they have dedicated to supply. Attempt to remain clear of those offering prices that are too cheap given that there is a likelihood that they have substandard shipping methods.

You need to be able to find it helpful to make a list of your preliminary options of delivery business in Singapore and afterwards doing some research study and analysis on their track records and solution quality. You can visit their websites as well as list down the types of logistics solutions they identify as well as provide if they are capable of providing your needs.

Having your items delivered from one nation to another can be a convenient experience if you can find on your own a specialist delivery company that provides dependable and also proficient services. With numerous shipping companies in Singapore to select from, it is required to be familiar with the elements you need to look for in picking the best one to supply logistics remedies for you.

Move Easily Around Your Warehouse with Battery Powered Pallet Jack

In a stockroom or on a production line there are some jobs that are just made easier by makers. One of the greatest instances of this fact is relocating products from one station to the next. As an example, packing a truck with your product. You might carry each box one at a time, yet [...]

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Sendai’s English English-Japanese Service Church Makes Worship Easier

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Finding Affordable Dining Table in Singapore

There are a lot of design selections when it concerns a new table. There are tables that are constructed from solid timber. Some are made to look as though a piece of a tree was lowered to make it. With this style there might be rings that you would in fact discover in a tree [...]

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